The third most common cause of cancer-related deaths is stomach cancer. Today, half of the patients are in the advanced stage when diagnosed. There are many factors that cause stomach cancer, and the disease occurs due to the combination of one or more of these causes.
Stomach Cancer Risk Factors
- Genetic Predisposition
- Diet (A diet rich in salty, nitrated and smoked foods)
- A diet rich in vitamin C, vegetables and fruits has a protective effect!
- Alcohol use
Abdominal pain, bloating, bleeding, weight loss, difficulty swallowing, loss of appetite and vomiting are the most common symptoms. Since these symptoms can also be seen in a simple stomach ulcer, the disease can be easily overlooked. This may lead to progression and delayed treatment. However, the definitive diagnosis is made by imaging of the stomach by endoscopy and pathological examination of the samples taken from the mass.
The main treatment method is surgery. In recent years, endoscopic tumor removal is becoming increasingly common in early stage diseases, but this treatment can only be performed in early stage stomach cancer cases. In stages 2-3, the stomach needs to be partially or completely removed and the lymph nodes around the stomach cleared. In advanced stage, surgical interventions can be performed to improve the quality of life. After the surgery, chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy (radiation) may be necessary.