Colon Cancer

The large intestine can be described as the last part of the digestive system, and cancers that develop from this region are roughly referred to as colon cancer. The incidence of colon cancer increases in parallel with life expectancy. It occurs in one in every 20 people throughout life. Thanks to advances in technology and easier access to health services, it is now possible to detect the disease in the treatable stage. However, according to data from the Ministry of Health, about 25% of colon cancer patients are still diagnosed at an advanced stage, which makes treatment difficult.

There is no single factor that causes colon cancer. The disease is generally accepted to develop from polyps developing in the large intestine. Many risk factors such as advanced age, genetic factors, nutritional habits, inflammatory bowel diseases, obesity, smoking and the presence of polyps have been demonstrated in studies.

​The most common complaints in colon cancer patients are changes in defecation habits, constipation, blood in the stool, bloating, abdominal pain, loss of appetite and weight loss.

Diagnosis of colon cancer is made by pathological examination of endoscopic biopsy. Treatment plan should be made after determining the stage of the disease through imaging methods such as tomography or MRI.

The main element of treatment and the most effective treatment method is surgery. When deciding on the type of surgical treatment (open, closed or endoscopic), many factors such as stage, patient status and tumor size should be considered. Patients may be required to undergo chemotherapy (drug) and/or radiotherapy (radiation) before or after surgical treatment. These additional treatments completely vary depending on the stage of the disease, the type of tumor and the status of the patient. However, the indispensable step in treatment is surgery.



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